The Principle that ought to guide life…

What is this principle? How can we attain it?

Plato says in his dialogue, The Symposium, that it is Love that conquers all. It is Love that makes us want to be noble and virtuous. What do you think? Some may say that the dialogue is overshadowed by things we cannot understand in this age. But I say you must look past the customs, and focus on what is really being said. Then can you say that Love can move mountains?


Amor omnia vincit? From The Aeneid, Virgil.


οὕτω πολλαχόθεν ὁμολογεῖται ὁ Ἔρως ἐν τοῖς πρεσβύτατος εἶναι. πρεσβύτατος δὲ ὢν μεγίστων ἀγαθῶν ἡμῖν αἴτιός ἐστιν. οὐ γὰρ ἔγωγ᾽ ἔχω εἰπεῖν ὅτι μεῖζόν ἐστιν ἀγαθὸν εὐθὺς νέῳ ὄντι ἢ ἐραστὴς χρηστὸς καὶ ἐραστῇ παιδικά. ὃ γὰρ χρὴ ἀνθρώποις ἡγεῖσθαι παντὸς τοῦ βίου τοῖς μέλλουσι καλῶς βιώσεσθαι, τοῦτο οὔτε συγγένεια οἵα τε ἐμποιεῖν οὕτω καλῶς οὔτε τιμαὶ οὔτε πλοῦτος οὔτ᾽ἄλλο οὐδὲν ὡς ἔρως.

ΣΥΜΠΟΣΙΟΝ, ΠΛΑΤΩΝ. 178ξ  – ~380 B.C.

Thus from many sources Love is agreed to be among others the eldest of gods. Being the eldest, it is the etiology of the greatest good for us. For I am not able to declare what good is better for a youth, the beloved, than a good older lover and for the lover, a beloved. For what is necessary to guide men all of their life, for the ones intending to live nobly, this neither birth is able to implant so nobly, nor honor, nor riches, nor any other thing except Love.

Symposium, Plato. 178C – My own translation.


The ‘This’ that love implants is the feelings of shame and honor. For without them, we cannot feel guilty for doing wrong or feel honorable for doing right. Religion in our world will have you think that is god that makes you feel this way. In the end, it is the love of things, knowledge, or persons that does this. The precedent was there long before any modern religion was even known, ~2400 years ago in fact.

Love in the Alcestis by Euripides made Alcestis sacrifice her life for her husband. This act of love even moved the gods to restore her soul from the underworld, Hades.


Alcestis being brought back from the underworld by Heracles to Admetus.                              Johann Heinrich Tischbein – circa. 1780



Philosophia, Philosophy, the love of wisdom, makes us want to live a just life, and to find the truth for ourselves, and others. It makes us want to reveal to others reality. Hence, Love is the first cause.


Love, in the form of Aphrodite, is what made the earth fertile…

The holy heaven passionately desires to penetrate the earth and passionately desire takes hold of the earth for union with heaven. Rain falls from the brimming fountains of heaven and makes earth conceive and she brings forth for humankind grazing for their flocks, cereals to sustain their life, and the fruit of trees, by the wedlock of the rain she comes to her fulfillment, of this I in part am the cause.

Aphrodite from the lost Tragedy by Aeschylus, The Danaids, ~470 B.C., Fragment 44, Loeb Classical Library.


Therefore, read the Symposium, read Alcestis, and learn about Love. Don’t place love in a contemporary view (something to do with only a beloved, a youthful person), but place it among the stars – Love can mean loving your work, your poetry, your family, your spouse, your child, even your readings, your hobby, or your ideas. You can love many things and these things if they are truly the good, truly virtuous and noble then they will make you a better person.

So love wisdom.




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